Back Pain

Herniated Disk

Herniated discs are often referred to as "slipped disks", however nothing actually slips. The annulus loses some of its strength before its nucleus has a chance to lose a percentage of water content. The balance is now disrupted. The annulus then ruptures, oozing out a portion of the nucleus. If this portion of the nucleus meets up with a nerve root the pain can e excruciating. Sometimes there is not pain, but numbness.

Bulging Disc

Much like herniated discs, the annulus loses strength before its nucleus has a chance to lose a percentage of its water. However, the annulus does not rupture, and instead, the pressure cause the annulus to bulge. The bulging disc usually does not interfere with a nerve root's functioning. Instead, it tends to irritate the nerve. Nevertheless, an irritated root can cause pain, numbness, and tingling sensation.

Facet Joint Problem

Problems are usually a result of trauma, over use or per-existing degeneration of the facet. Once a disc's nucleus begins to lose some of its water percentage, less pressure is on the annulus. However this may increase stress on the facet joints. Since there is now less height to the disc, the neighbouring vertebrae are closer together. Now that they are closer, they may rub against each other when they move. This may cause symptoms of neck, or back pain which are usually not severe and are vague as to their origin.


As vertebrae age, they can develop osteophytes ,which are growths of extra bone formed at the edges of the joints, These osteophytes (also called bone spurs or lipping) may even break off into fragments and collect in a joint. Osteophytes limit mobility which actually reduces some back pain by stabilizing the discs or joints.

Spinal Stenosis

The two most common types of Spinal Stenosis are Central Spinal Stenosis and Lateral Spinal Stenosis. Central Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the central part of the canal pressing on the spinal cord. Sometimes, this type of Spinal Stenosis is congenital. Lateral Spinal Stenosis is generally the cause of steophytes, which forma round the edges of the vertebra. No, narrower than usual, the vertebra is pressing against the never roots.

Accurate diagnosis starts with a thorough history of the problems, followed by a physical examination including orthopedic and neurological testing. X-rays may be taken if clinically warranted to help with the diagnosis. At this point the entire diagnosis, proposed treatment plan and prognosis for recovery is discussed with the patient.

These are just some of the causes of back pain. At Alta Vista Chiropractic and Massage Clinic we can also provide relief from the pain caused by:

  • Back Pain (Lower, Middle, Neck)
  • Shoulder Pain
  • Nerve Pain
  • Arthritis
  • Headaches
  • Sports Injuries
  • Chiropractic


    Chiropractic is one of the largest primary contact professions in Canada. With over 5000 practitioners, chiropractic is a hands-on treatment dealing with nerve, muscle and joint complaints. Chiropractic is a...

    Read more

  • Massage Therapy

    Massage Therapy

    What are the Different Types of Massage Therapy? Therapeutic Massage ¤ Lymphatic Drainage ¤ Relaxation Massage  ¤ Sports Massage ¤ Myofascial Release - M.F.R. ¤ Pregnancy Massage ¤ Trigger Point...

    Read more

  • Physical Therapy

    Physical Therapy

    Physical therapy treatment is utilized by chiropractors in our office to help in the treatment and prevention of physical injury and diseases. The goal of our physical therapy at our...

    Read more

  • Athletic Therapy

    Athletic Therapy

    Certified Athletic Therapists are best known for their quick thinking of on field emergency care of professional and elite athletes, and the weekend warrior. They are the first to respond...

    Read more

  • Physiotherapy


    Physiotherapists are highly trained movements specialists who are experts in rehabilitation. Some people think physiotherapists just give people exercises, but this completely untrue. When being assessed by a physiotherapist, you...

    Read more

  • Other Services

    Other Services

    ART® Laser Therapy Shockwave TM ¤ Graston Technique ¤ Orthotic Services ¤ Rolf Method Nutritional Services ¤ Schweitzer's Deep Tissue Therapy ¤ Indian Head Massage ¤ Nerve Entrapment ¤ Hot...

    Read more

  • ART®


    Active Release Techniques ART® Certified Provider Upper Extremities Lower Extremities Spine Full Body Nerve Entrapment What Does ART® Treat? Back Pain Headaches...

    Read more

  • Naturopathic


    Clinical Nutrition ¤ Botanical Medicine ¤ Preventative and Lifestyle Counseling ¤ Traditional Chinese Medicine / Acupuncture ¤ Homeopathic Medicine ¤ Physical Medicine & Hydrotherapy ¤ What is Naturopathic Medicine Naturopathic...

    Read more

  • Pelvic Floor Rehab

    Pelvic Floor Rehab

    Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation / Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy What is the Pelvic Floor, and why does it need Physiotherapy? The pelvic floor is a complex system of muscles and tissues which...

    Read more

  • Acupuncture


    Acupuncture is a method of balancing the body's energy by inserting needles under the skin at specific points along energy pathways (meridians), to prevent or cure diseases and/or disorders. Modern...

    Read more

  • Hot Stone Therapy

    Hot Stone Therapy

    Hot Stone Therapy can help if you suffer from: Neck, back, shoulder, arm, or leg pain Muscle tension High levels of stress and frequent anxiety Tension headaches Arthritis Poor blood...

    Read more

  • Graston Technique

    Graston Technique

    Effectively Treating Acute and Chronic Injuries The Graston Technique®, originally developed by athletes, is changing the way clinicians — including physical and occupational therapists, hand therapists, chiropractors and athletic trainers...

    Read more